Howto: Wireless Cheat Sheet – Cli Commands

Linux Wireless Help

Here is a list of Cli commands which provide valuable information when trying to configure your wireless connection

sudo iwlist scanning – shows wireless networks that are available in the area with basic encryption information

sudo lshw -C network – Shows Details of Interface card and drivers of each networking device

sudo lspci -nn – Shows PCI vendor and device codes as both numbers and names of hardware connected to the pci bus

lsusb – Shows USB connected hardware

lshw -C usb – Additional info on USB related hardware (good for USB dongles)

route -n – Lists kernel IP routing table — Good for troubleshooting problems with the gateway

sudo route add default gw 192.168.1.1 – Example of how to set the default gateway to 192.168.1.1

sudo route del default gw 192.168.1.1 – Example of how to delete the default gateway setting

sudo modprobe ***** – Loads the kernel module **** . (Example usage – sudo modprobe ndiswrapper, sudo modprobe r818x, sudo modprobe ath_pci)

sudo modprobe -r **** – Unloads the kernel module ****. (Example usage – sudo modprobe -r ath_pci)

sudo ifconfig – lists IP address

sudo ifup/ifdown – Brings up/down the interface and clears the routing table for the specified interface

sudo ifconfig wlan0 up/down – Brings up/down the interface for the specified interface

sudo dhclient – Request IP address from DNS server for specified interface

sudo dhclient -r – Release IP address associated with specified interface

sudo iptables -L – Lists firewall rules

sudo iptables -F – Flush all firewall rules

dmesg | more – Lists boot log — good for troubleshooting problems with modules/drivers not being loaded

uname -r – Displays kernel version

/etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules – File which assigns logical names (eth0, wlan0, etc) to MAC addresses

cat /etc/resolv.conf – Lists DNS servers associated with network connections (Network Manager)

/etc/dhcp3/dhclient.conf – File which sets or modifies dns (domain name servers) settings

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2 thoughts on “Howto: Wireless Cheat Sheet – Cli Commands

  1. I'd just like to point out that sudo is only needed if you aren't root. If you are getting networking setup by hand, why not just become root and save yourself the hassle of typing “sudo” 300 times.

    lsmod will list currently loaded kernel modules.

    i just stumbled into this blog looking for how to hide my desktop icons in XFCE4

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