What this guide is:
This is basically a step by step reference of an Asterisk PBX quick start setup for anybody who wants to try it out, or if you are going to work for a company which sets up Asterisk PBX telephone systems.
What this guide isn’t:
This is by no means a complete guide, although it is an ongoing reference which I will add to it as I see fit.
Asterisk Docs and Info:
This guide supposes that you have Debian Stable (Currently Lenny) installed, either as your main OS or as a server on the network.
Install and test Asterisk: (Do all the following as root, not with sudo)
apt-get install asterisk asterisk-dev asterisk-dbg asterisk-h323 asterisk-mp3 libasterisk-agi-perl asterisk-doc
We use Perl scripts for automated dialers and other advanced options, so I have added the Perl modules, that’s up to you. You may also like to do an “apt-cache search asterisk” if you need any language-specific files. As I am in Spain, I also add “asterisk-prompt-es”.
Test Asterisk (still as root)
As I already have Asterisk installed, it automatically loads at boot, so the message I get is that it is already running:
ricpru:~# asterisk –vvvvc
Asterisk already running on /var/run/asterisk/asterisk.ctl. Use ‘asterisk -r’ to connect.
So I do as it says:
ricpru:~# asterisk -r
Asterisk 22.214.171.124~dfsg-3+lenny1, Copyright (C) 1999 – 2008 Digium, Inc. and others.
Created by Mark Spencer
Asterisk comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; type ‘core show warranty’ for details.
This is free software, with components licensed under the GNU General Public
License version 2 and other licenses; you are welcome to redistribute it under
certain conditions. Type ‘core show license’ for details.
This package has been modified for the Debian GNU/Linux distribution
Please report all bugs to http://bugs.debian.org/asterisk
Connected to Asterisk 126.96.36.199~dfsg-3+lenny1 currently running on ricpru (pid = 1844)
And I am left with the Asterisk prompt:
Asterisk is installed and working!
So now what?
First you need to get used to the config files. Then you need to select a phone. Asterisk works with Softphones , Analogue phones, IP phones, Mobile phones, Fax machines, basically anything that can be connected to a network or has an IP address and can make a call or send data.
Where are the config files?
Yup, they all end in .conf and there are loads of them! Don’t panic! We are only going to start with a IAX/SIP Software Phone, which is the most basic to configure.
adsi.conf cdr_odbc.conf features.conf logger.conf phone.conf skinny.conf adtranvofr.conf cdr_pgsql.conf festival.conf manager.conf privacy.conf sla.conf agents.conf cdr_tds.conf followme.conf manager.d queues.conf smdi.conf alarmreceiver.conf codecs.conf func_odbc.conf meetme.conf res_odbc.conf telcordia-1.adsi alsa.conf dnsmgr.conf gtalk.conf mgcp.conf res_pgsql.conf udptl.conf amd.conf dundi.conf h323.conf misdn.conf res_snmp.conf users.conf asterisk.adsi enum.conf http.conf modules.conf rpt.conf voicemail.conf asterisk.conf esel.conf iax.conf musiconhold.conf rtp.conf vpb.conf cdr.conf extconfig.conf iaxprov.conf muted.conf say.conf watchdog.conf cdr_custom.conf extensions.ael indications.conf osp.conf sip.conf zapata.conf cdr_manager.conf extensions.conf jabber.conf oss.conf sip_notify.conf
Software SIP/IAX phones:
Skype, Ekiga, etc etc….. there are loads, Google them and choose what you want. Personally I prefer VoixPhone. It’s easy to install and has a lot of features including IAX and SIP, but it’s all a matter of personal choice. The reason I want a phone with IAX is that we also use those configs for Hard Phones such as the Thomson ST2030 IP phone.
Download VoixPhone from HERE, Unpack it, Chmod -x it, and ./ Install it.
*HINT* I installed VoixPhone to /usr/local/bin as opposed to /usr/local which is the default and created a launcher called voix. This way I can launch the VoixPhone executable as voix from the command line.
Create an empty launcher file:
Insert this text:
# cat >/usr/local/bin/voix <<EOF
Then make it executable:
chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/voix
*64bit Hint* VoixPhone is a 32bit app. If you are running a 64bit system, install the ia32 libs:
apt-get install ia32-libs ia32-libs-gtk
Part 2 – Configuring Asterisk and your new VoixPhone:
PART 2 Coming soon………………………